According to the Dictionary (5)



This will be the last of my blog post series about the type-dependent interpretations of abstract words and probably the post people will have most trouble with, because where the previous words were in some ways still attached to circumstances or could be pictured as such, and tend to be the topics of discussion, today’s words are the foundation for such discussions.

The difference between objective and relative (subjective) views is not something that can be logically deduced or verbally explained. Our psychology determines whether we experience the world as objective or not and as we have done so from birth, we cannot even begin to imagine what the other perspective is like. As I have repeated over and over again: we cannot and never will be able to crawl into each other’s perspective.
Yet we all use the words in a manner that makes sense to us, which often means giving one or another word a negative connotation.

Additional complexity comes from the notion that there are four aspects to information and that all four aspects have a relative and an objective pole, so that some people may be ‘objectivist’ when dealing with some topics or in relation to some circumstances, yet they may be relativist with regard other aspects of information. This causes many to experience a dilemma. I know one very smart philosopher, who I respect very much, who keeps coming up with new theories, trying to overcome this dilemma, and the works of some famous philosophers, like Kant, can be seen as a compromise for such opposing experiences.

Of the sixteen types, two types are ‘lucky’, as the letters that signify their inborn psychological type, either all belong to the “objective accord group” (ESTJ) or to the “relative accord group” (INFP), so they do not experience such a dilemma. The former are unlikely to engage in philosophy. For them, reality is not negotiable and “reason” is measurable, because it “is obvious” that if they can see or understand something, so must everybody else. Consequently, everybody who doesn’t agree must be wrong and they can be somewhat tactless in their expression of this. The latter naturally question every philosophy, every accepted viewpoint, every new idea and are often considered “obnoxious and disliked” (as John Adams in the movie 1776 so aptly puts it) for not accepting what they are told.

To avoid confusion, let me clarify that information has four aspects and that the type differences in people are expressions of being attuned a little more to one or the other, so that as a whole, we all complement each other.
1. focus (where you pay attention): E or I
2. perception (what you notice): S or N
3. justification (what worth you give that perception – thus whether you consider it real or reasonable): T or F
4. orientation (how and to whom you express that worth): J or P

The objective poles of these dichotomies are E, S, T and J
The relative poles are I, N, F and P, in which I use the word “subjective” only for the introverted stance, because focus is about the object-subject relationship. Thus a subjectivist is a relativist with regard focus.

So here are the words with their most likely type letter interpretation and I look forward to the discussions. For more in depth descriptions, see the “Intermezzo” in Concerto for Mankind.

• claiming omniscience (I), being short-sighted (N), single-minded (F), or dogmatic (P)
• experiencing reality independent of the mind; every object is a separate entity with observable qualities (E)
• to see things as they are without interpretations (S)
• to comprehend the true nature of things, without distortion by personal feelings or desires (T)
• to know what is right without personal prejudices (J)

• being self-centred (E), unrealistic (S), irrational (T), or opinionated (J)
• to allow for each individual’s unique perspective (I)
• to allow for relationships, connections and possibilities (N)
• to allow for personal motivations and circumstances (F)
• to allow for people’s autonomous norms, values and beliefs (P)

• being self-important, sentimental, or out of touch with reality (E)
• a person’s unique individual stance that seeks no justification but their own (I)

• what can be observed, reasoned, and proven to exist independent of people’s minds (E)
• what can be abstracted to exist independent of people’s minds, since the mind cannot be bypassed (I)

reason: means using inference to come to a conclusion about something and can be interpreted:
• with regard to form (formulaic logic); reasoning in terms of “true or false” or “cause and effect”, using principles and criteria; truth-based, eliminative or deductive reasoning (T)
• with regard to content (reasons, motivations, justifications); reasoning in terms of “more or less”, human motives and limits; value-based, holistic or inductive reasoning (F)

Remember that it is likely that more than one interpretation of the above will ring ‘true’ for you,

Thank you for reading.


2 Comments (+add yours?)

  1. PJ
    Apr 07, 2014 @ 06:23:10

    A most intriguing blogpost, Mirjam – thanks so much, it was thoroughly enjoyed. I always look forward to your next postings.


  2. nonentiti
    Apr 07, 2014 @ 10:10:37

    Than you, dear PJ.
    I enjoy your posts just as much.


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